In the International System of Units (SI), proteins in the blood are measured in g/L. The normal protein levels in the blood in the SI are:
Each laboratory must establish its own normal ranges for proteins in the blood. These ranges depend on the makeup of the local population, the technologies used and the accuracy of the measurement. There may be also slight differences in the normal levels, according to age, gender, race or ethnic origin, geographic region, diet, type of sample and other relevant status.
Your doctor will study the results along with your medical record, screenings, physical condition, symptoms and any other relevant information about your situation.
Proteins are structural components of cells and tissue. Some proteins also circulate in blood plasma with different roles.
There are two main groups of proteins in the blood:
The albumin/globulin ratio should be greater than 1 because albumin composes the 60% of blood proteins and globulins only the 35% to 40%.
The main purposes of a protein blood test are:
If the total protein values are out of normal range it is necessary to study in detail each group of proteins for a better diagnosis.
High levels of proteins in the blood may be a sign of dehydration, inflammatory disorders or some types of cancer. Low levels of proteins in the blood may be a sign of renal dysfunction or gastrointestinal disorders.
The albumin/globulin ratio must be greater than 1. If it is less than 1 it may be a sign of autoimmune diseases where there are many globulins present in the blood.
If total proteins are below the normal range and albumin is also below the normal range it may be a sign of a rheumatic disease or a collagen disease.
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The following values are considered to be normal values:
IMPORTANT: These levels are expressed in g/dl. They are an example of a healthy man of about 45 years old with a balanced diet, no known disease and not taking any medication. The ranges can be different depending on the laboratory or on your personal circumstances.
|6 g/dl||6.1 g/dl||6.2 g/dl||6.3 g/dl||6.4 g/dl||6.5 g/dl||6.6 g/dl||6.7 g/dl|
|6.8 g/dl||6.9 g/dl||7 g/dl||7.1 g/dl||7.2 g/dl||7.3 g/dl||7.4 g/dl||7.5 g/dl|
|7.6 g/dl||7.7 g/dl||7.8 g/dl||7.9 g/dl||8 g/dl||8.1 g/dl||8.2 g/dl||8.3 g/dl|